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High School Education Programs in England

High school education in the UK is normally completed at the age of 16, and students who have completed school education enter the GCSE (General Certificate of Seconary Education) examination and graduate with the same name. GCSE in Turkey is considered equivalent to a high school diploma.

While you are studying in the UK, you are also one step closer to the educational opportunity you would like to receive at the university. Since high school education in the UK is a system recognized by the whole world, students have many choices when choosing a university in the future.

There are 4 different types of high schools in the UK.


Secondary education lasts five to seven years. Students between the ages of 12 and 16 must legally go to a secondary school in the UK. This stage of compulsory education is called “lower secondary”.

After completing the subscale, students should be ready to start the workplace and to receive vocational training in and out of the workplace. Or it goes to the “high school” or “sixth form” that the 16 year old and the 18 year old prepare for the university.

Comprehensive, Grammar and Expert Schools

In theory, all government schools should be comprehensive. For this reason, students should be a cross-section representative of the UK’s young population with a wide range of talents. In fact, the competitiveness of the old system lives in very little space, with traditional “grammar schools” for selected children.

The historical name of many “grammar schools” implies that the idea of ​​secondary education is used to make a heavy emphasis on Latin and Ancient Greek with all the grammar lessons that these languages ​​require. Nowadays, secondary schools, still called grammar schools, do not teach Latin anymore. However, most comprehensive schools have stricter admission criteria and selection criteria.
The grammar school or no, the curriculum for any junior high school includes all subjects taught in primary education. Students also have to learn at least one foreign language, take citizenship lessons and participate in personal, social and health education.

Moreover, many state schools are “specialized schools”. They focus on one or two areas of the curriculum. So, if your kids are skilled in mathematics and science, or if they have special skills for music, it makes sense to choose secondary schools accordingly. Until 2010, specialist schools received extra funding from the UK government to continue their formal mandate as well as their new statute. Although this program was gradual several years ago, many junior secondary schools still focus on selected areas and continue to rely on their previous reputations.

One note however: Expert schools should not be confused with “private schools”. Second, it provides special needs education for children with learning difficulties and other disabilities. If you think your child needs special education, please contact the Independent Parents’ Special Education Advisory Center to make the necessary arrangements.

Basic Qualifications: GCSE and Diplomas

After three years in secondary school, children are formally assessed by their teachers. Students then need to choose their own subjects for GCSE exams nationwide. GCSEs are compulsory exams at the end of the 11th year, which is the fifth year of secondary school students.

Students often have to test in English, mathematics and science, and they also choose courses in arts, humanities, modern languages, technology and professional study. After passing the GCSEs, students can leave the school, go to the next two years, or get a Diploma, a new qualification in the UK.

The New British Diploma focuses on practical training, work experience and professional approach rather than academic work. Engineering, IT or creative and media can be taken in about 20 different topics.

Diploma is available in four levels with increasing qualifications (basic / high / progress / advanced). Each of these levels is equivalent to a certain number of GCSE or A-level credit points. However, qualification is mainly introduced for young people who are struggling with the academic viewpoint of the path from “GCSE to A-level” to university. They should benefit from a more hands-on approach to developing their professional skills and helping them to apply for a job in the UK.

Path to University: A Level Exams

The majority of English students will probably choose the higher-level from Diplomas. A-level exams are the main admission requirement for undergraduate degrees at universities in the UK.

Students are prepared for A-levels for 12 and 13-year-olds at secondary schools. Due to historical reasons, these last two years of education are still called “sixth form” or “bottom sixth” and “top sixth” in many places.

At the age of 12, most students study four courses of their choice: one completed at the end of that year as an AS level and then dropped. The other three subjects were assigned to three full A levels after 13 years.

At the age of 12, most students study four courses of their choice: one completed at the end of that year as an AS level and then dropped. The other three issues rise to three full A levels after 13 years. However, some students may choose to complete four levels, despite the extra workload.

Assessments made to grade a student’s grades can be used for courses, written exams, and – in some cases, art – practical skills. The choice and number of A-level courses can already affect the success of a student applying to the university. However, no matter how impressive the academic ability of the candidate’s admission office is, it will only receive a “conditional offer” for a rudimentary place.

Countrywide A-level results are normally issued in August. Later, students know that they can really join the university they choose. If they do not receive the required grades, they may have to give up their place in college and choose a different course.

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